Modern-day society relies on a huge variety of different materials in order to create products, provide services and in short, to make the world go round. Many of these materials can be classified as hazardous to human beings in certain circumstances, but they nevertheless need to be manufactured and moved to various parts of the country on a regular basis. The transportation of dangerous goods is a significant responsibility for those involved and requires a specific approach in order to minimise risk. If you are a truck driver by profession, you may be gathering details to see if you should further your career by transporting these goods. While this may be a beneficial move for you, there's quite a lot to learn along the way. Where should you start?
Dangerous goods are categorised by regulators in a variety of different classes and there may well be an entirely different approaches to the transportation of these goods. Some of these categories include gases which may be non-flammable or toxic, petrol or other flammable liquids, 'spontaneously combustible' substances like carbon, toxic substances like cyanide, corrosive elements like hydrochloric acid and even explosives like ammunition.
Dangers of Transportation
Some transport companies may be in the business of moving a variety of different classes and it's essential to understand how these need to be segregated. There may be a considerable risk if any items from an opposing class come into contact with each other, which could lead to the creation of toxic vapours or an explosion of some kind. Sometimes it is possible to transport different classes of goods in the same vehicle, but in that case they will usually have to be contained within specially designed segregation devices. However, often 'cross class' transportation within the same vehicle is banned.
It's important to be aware of the safe operating temperature for each load as in some cases, excess heat can cause a dangerous reaction. In the heat of the Australian summer, this is especially important and the vehicle must be managed accordingly.
No loads may be transported without the proper documentation, which may be demanded by police or regulators at any time. These documents must have the full details of the load with a comprehensive description according to set guidelines. The information must also contain the contact details of the consignor. Furthermore, the vehicle must be identified by using labels that conform with the 'globally harmonised system' introduced by the United Nations.
Knowing the Rules
Remember, as the operator of the vehicle it is up to you to know all the rules and this may include where you may and may not drive as you plan your route. You must also ensure that loading and offloading takes place in accordance with very strict guidelines and does not present a risk to any people in the vicinity.
In order for you to get full details and be prepared for your project ahead, it's a good idea to enroll in a specific training course first.